~ Health Advice from PMGH – World No Tobacco Day – 31 May 2015 – The Dangers of tobacco use – Part 1 of 3 ~

With World No Tobacco Day just ending we wanted to share with you the dangers of tobacco use and the effects it has on your health.
Smoking can cause serious long-term health complications and is one of the leading causes of preventable death, know the risks. QUIT TODAY!! Quitting smoking offers immediate and long-term benefits and reduces the risk of developing smoking-related diseases and improves your health in multiple ways. Tobacco smoke is enormously harmful to your health, and there is no safe way to smoke. Replacing your cigarette with a cigar, pipe, or hookah won’t help you avoid the health risks associated with tobacco products. Cigarettes contain about 600 ingredients. When they burn, they generate more than 7,000 chemicals, according to the American Lung Association.  Many of those chemicals are poisonous, and at least 69 of them can cause cancer. Did you know according to the National Cancer Institute, cigars have a higher level of carcinogens, toxins, and tar than cigarettes?
Diseases Caused by Long-term Smoking – A lifetime smoker is at high risk of developing a range of potentially lethal diseases, including:
Cancer – Of the lung, mouth, nose, larynx, tongue, nasal sinus, oesophagus, throat, pancreas, bone marrow (myeloid leukaemia), kidney, cervix, ovary, ureter, liver, bladder, bowel and stomach.
Lung diseases – Such as chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which includes obstructive bronchiolitis and emphysema.
Other effects on the body caused by long-term smoking:
– Coronary artery disease, heart disease, heart attack and stroke
– Ulcers of the digestive system.
– Osteoporosis and hip fracture.
– As well as poor blood circulation in feet and hands, which can lead to pain and, in severe cases, gangrene and amputation.
Circulatory System – Smoking can cause raised blood pressure and heart rate, Less oxygen carried by the blood that makes it more prone to clotting. Damage to the lining of the arteries, Reduced blood flow to extremities (fingers and toes) and Increased risk of stroke and heart attack due to blockages of the blood supply.
Respiratory System – Did you know smoking could cause Irritation of the trachea (windpipe) and larynx (voice box)? Reduced lung function and breathlessness due to swelling and narrowing of the lung airways and excess mucus in the lung passages. As well as Impairment of the lungs, Smoking increases the risk of lung infection and symptoms such as coughing and wheezing, Permanent damage to the air sacs of the lungs.
Immune System and Musculoskeletal System – Greater susceptibility to infections such as pneumonia and influenza, More severe and longer-lasting illnesses, Lower levels of protective antioxidants (such as vitamin C), in the blood, Tightening of certain muscles and reduced bone density can all be caused by tobacco use.
Sexual and Reproductive Organs –
Male Body – Lower sperm count, Higher percentage of deformed sperm, Genetic damage to sperm, Impotence (which may be due to the effects of smoking on blood flow) as well as damage to the blood vessels of the penis.
Female Body – Smoking can cause reduced fertility, Menstrual cycle irregularities or absence of menstruation, Increased risk of cancer of the cervix and a Greatly increased risk of stroke and heart attack if the smoker is aged over 35 years and taking the oral contraceptive pill.
Smoking while pregnant exposes a woman and her unborn child to an increased risk of health problems including ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, premature labour, and sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI), which includes sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
TIP – If you are struggling to quit smoking, please see your doctor at your local urban health clinic who will put you on the right track to quitting successfully.