~ Health Advice from PMGH – Metabolism, What is it and How Does it Work? – Part 3 of 4 ~

Metabolism is the process in which your body converts what you eat and drink into energy. During this complex biochemical process, calories in food and drinks are combined with oxygen to release the energy your body needs to function. If you missed parts 1 and 2 please let us know and we will post it again for you. Alternatively please head to the PMGH fb timeline and scroll down.

Things That Can Go Wrong With Metabolism –
Most of the time, your metabolism works effectively without you giving any thought to it but sometimes a person’s metabolism can cause major mayhem in the form of a metabolic disorder. Most disorders of metabolism involve either abnormal levels of enzymes or hormones or problems with the functioning of those enzymes or hormones. When the metabolism of body chemicals is blocked or not working correctly, it can cause a buildup of toxic substances in the body or a deficiency of substances needed for normal body function, either of which can lead to serious complications.

Metabolism and Age-Related Weight Gain – People tend to put on weight as they age, partly because the body slowly looses muscle, and many people are less active as they age. Research has shown that strength and resistance training can reduce or prevent muscle loss.

Thyroid Disorders –
Hypothyroidism – (under-active thyroid) – the metabolism slows because the thyroid gland does not release enough hormones. Some of the symptoms of this include unusual weight gain, lethargy, depression, and constipation.
Hyperthyroidism – (over-active thyroid) the gland releases larger quantities of hormones than necessary and speeds the metabolism. Some of the symptoms of this include increased appetite, weight loss, nervousness, and diarrhoea. Talk to your doctor if you think this may apply to you.

Diabetes-
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus – Occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce and secrete enough insulin. Symptoms of this disease include excessive thirst and urination, hunger, and weight loss. Over the long term, the disease can cause kidney problems, pain due to nerve damage, blindness, and heart and blood vessel disease.

Type 2 Diabetes – is possible when the body can’t normally respond to insulin. The symptoms of this disorder are similar to those of type 1 diabetes. Many children and teens that develop type 2 diabetes are overweight, and this is thought to play a role in their decreased responsiveness to insulin.

Tip – It is important to get regular health checks at your local urban health clinic.