PMGH ends its Heart-Felt program for 2016 in farewelling CEO Mr. Grant R. Muddle ~

Port Moresby General Hospital ends its heart-felt program 2016 together in farewelling a proud outgoing Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Grant R. Muddle.
and his beautiful wife Ms. Anna Megueria; who is the coordinator of Corporate Blood Drive and Youth Blood Drive who had made a great difference in blood collections at the blood bank. Both were escorted by Kairuku dancing group to the celebration arena.
On behalf of the hospital staff and management, the human resource team when opening the program, thanked Mr. Muddle for his efforts and everything that he has done to lift PMGH to a global standard hospital. The last three and a half years have seen a tremendous change at PMGH.
Executive Director Clinical Services, Dr. Umesh Gupta, said there is so much that can be said about Grant, CEO. “Everyone has been touched by Grant in many ways. I have personally learned many things from Mr. Muddle in the last two-half-years at PMGH, and I’ m sure the entire management has learned a lot of good things from him as well, and we hope to continue the legacy that he will leave with us. Grant! Thank you so much, really from the bottom of our hearts,” Dr. Gupta said.
On behalf of the medical services, Director Medical Services, Dr. David Mokela extended a very sincere thank you to Mr. Muddle for taking the lead in developing the hospital, and there’s been a significant change in the last three and a half years, and we greatly acknowledged that. “Thank you for taking a stand in a lot of issues going on in tackling health in PNG especially, PMGH so, thank you once again Grant, and Anna for your support including the blood bank,” Dr. Mokela said.
Director Nursing, Sister Carol Hosea on behalf of the nursing services farewelled and thanked Mr. Muddle for his leadership. “Your leadership has reflected a lot of improvement in this hospital, although you were a bit tough that has made us strong and to make the right decisions for correct purposes, and we would like to say thank you for that.”
As part of our appreciation and token of gratitude for his leadership in this hospital, the nursing division presented with Mr. Muddle with billums made of PNG colours. The general services team presented gifts of shell necklaces and a small kundu drum with billums to Mr. Muddle. The program was also entertained by another dancing group called Moriare from East Kerema in Gulf province who sang a farewell song to Mr. Muddle and his family. 
Various employees were also recognized this month and presented with certificates. Mr. Muddle presented employee of the year award to IT specialist Mr. Veali Vauna and cut two cakes-one for November staff birthdays and one as a farewell to CEO Mr. Muddle.

~ Weekly Health Advice from PMGH – The Dangers of Smoking – Part 3 of 3 ~

Top Tips On How to Quit Smoking
It’s never too late to quit smoking; these tips are from various research groups and have been identified as the best tips to quit smoking:
– Quitting is different for everyone, so find an approach that will work for you. This may be either the cold turkey approach (stopping suddenly and totally) or a more gradual reduction in the number of cigarettes you smoke each day. Set a date to quit, and stick to it, however, make it sooner rather than later. Every cigarette damages your health.
– Get as much support as you can from family, friends and work colleagues. Let them know you are planning to quit and ask smokers not to smoke around you or offer you cigarettes. Quitting with a friend can also be an excellent idea this enables you to share your feelings and encourage each other to quit.
– Throw out all cigarettes, ashtrays, and lighters and anything else that might remind you of smoking.
– Wash your clothes and clean your car and home to remove the smell of smoke.
– Nicotine replacement therapy, such as nicotine patches or chewing gum, could be a good idea for those who smoke heavily or who feel they may need the extra help. There are also oral prescription medicines you can take on advice from your doctor. Talk to your doctor about what is right for you.
– Plan ahead for situations in which you are likely to be tempted to smoke such as parties. Try to avoid these situations in the early stages of your quitting program.
– Write down all the reasons that made you decide to quit smoking, and carry them with you in case you need reminding!
– Avoid alcohol as many people find it hard to resist smoking when they drink.
– If you find you are losing motivation to quit, remind yourself of the many medical benefits of quitting! For example: did you know that after 1 year of quitting smoking your risk for coronary heart disease is about half that of smokers.
– Think of the financial benefits! Have you considered how much money you could save by quitting smoking and being a non-smoker? Cigarettes cost money, and the cost is increasing all the time. What could you do with all the extra money?
Keep the following 4 Ds in mind when you have a craving:
Delay: Remember that the worst cravings last for only a few minutes and will become even less frequent the longer you have quit.
Deep breathe: This should help you relax and focus your mind on something else.
Drink water: It is a good idea to drink plenty of fluids to help flush the nicotine and other toxins out of your system.
Do something else: You could go for a walk, to the movies or visit a supportive friend. Try eating an apple, chewing gum or cleaning your teeth when you would normally have a cigarette. You could hold something else, such as a pen or beads to replace the need to hold a cigarette.
Tip: Start exercising after you quit smoking! Exercise will not only act as a distraction from smoking it will release endorphins (the feel-good chemicals in your brain). This will also assist in creating new routines, help reduce nicotine cravings and get you on the road to better health. Remember that some activity is better than no activity but, before you start, it is advisable to discuss your physical activity plans with your doctor.
Missed parts 1 and 2? Head to the PMGH Facebook timeline and scroll down.

~ PMGH setting the standard for Blood Collection in PNG ~

The Port Moresby General Hospital Blood Bank is setting a standard in providing adequate and safe blood to meet the transfusion needs of all patients seen at PMGH.
This transformation came about three years ago, with the establishment of the Corporate Blood Drive and the recent Youth Blood Drive programs, that increased blood collection of the blood bank. With the great support of the hard-working staff, who are the core engineers of the blood bank, the hospital is getting enough blood, reserved for patients in need of life-saving transfusions. This commitment is made possible by the continued support of blood donors from corporate partners, high schools, institutions, colleges and committed individual that visited the blood centre.
PMGH Nurse Sister Matilda Waber has been with PMGH since 2013 working at the PMGH blood bank “I love my work, its enjoying and satisfying, and I see the output of my work, when I see clients coming forward and donating blood, and receiving the health messages, Sr. Waber said”.

~ Weekly Health Advice from PMGH – The Dangers of Smoking – Part 2 of 3 ~

What Chemicals are in Tobacco Smoke?
Here are some of the chemicals you may not have realized are in cigarettes and other ways they are used:
Nicotine: used as insecticide.
Hydrogen Cyanide: used in rat poison.
Acetone: A component of nail polish remover
Acetic Acid: an ingredient in hair dye
Carbon monoxide: Found in car exhaust fumes
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT): A toxic pesticide
Ammonia: used in toilet cleaner
Toluene: found in paint thinners
Cadmium: active component in battery acid
Polonium 210: A radioactive agent used to eliminate static electricity in machinery
Methanol: Automotive fuel
Phenol: used in fertilizers
Butane: used in lighter fluid
Lead: used in batteries
Tar: particulate matter in cigarette smoke
Naphthalene: an ingredient in mothballs
Formaldehyde: used in preservation of laboratory specimens
Hexamine: found in barbecue lighter fluid
Dangers of Smoking During Pregnancy
Smoking while pregnant exposes a woman and her unborn child to an increased risk of health problems including ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, premature labour, and sudden unexpected death in infancy. Smoking also affects the development of your baby’s lungs and brain. Every cigarette is doing damage to your baby: The carbon monoxide you inhale replaces some of the oxygen in your blood, reducing the amount of oxygen getting to your baby. The nicotine in cigarettes reduces how well your placenta works, making it harder for your baby to get the oxygen and nourishment it needs. While the best time to quit smoking is before you get pregnant, quitting any time after pregnancy can benefit you and the baby. When you stop smoking you baby will get more oxygen even after just 1 day, your baby will grow better, is less likely to be born too early, you will have more energy and breathe easier and less likely to develop heart disease, lung cancer, stroke and other smoking-related diseases. Talk to your doctor about quitting today.
Is It Too Late to Quit?
No matter your age, quitting smoking improves your health and wellbeing. If you quit smoking, you are likely to add years to your life, breathe more easily, save money also reduce your risk of cancer, heart attack, stroke, and lung disease. Its never too late to quit! According to Quitline as soon as you stop smoking your body begins to repair itself. Typical benefits of quitting are:
Within 6 hours: Your heart rate slows and your blood pressure becomes more stable.
Within a day: Almost all of the nicotine is out of your bloodstream.
– The level of carbon monoxide in your blood has dropped and oxygen can more easily reach your heart and muscles.
– Your fingertips become warmer and your hands steadier.
Within a week: Your sense of taste and smell may improve.
– Your lungs’ natural cleaning system is starting to recover, becoming better at removing mucus, tar and dust from your lungs (exercise helps to clear out your lungs).
– You have higher blood levels of protective antioxidants such as vitamin C.
Within 3 months: You’re coughing and wheezing less.
– Your immune system is beginning its recovery, so your body is better at fighting off infection.
– Your blood is less thick and sticky, and blood flow to your hands and feet has improved.
Within 6 months: You are less likely to be coughing up phlegm.
– You’re likely to feel less stressed than when you were smoking.
After 1 year: Your lungs are now healthier, and you’ll be breathing easier than if you’d kept smoking.
Within 2 to 5 years: There is a large drop in your risk of heart attack and stroke, and this risk will continue to gradually decrease over time.
– For women, within five years, the risk of cervical cancer is the same as someone who has never smoked.
After 10 years: Your risk of lung cancer is lower than that of a continuing smoker (provided the disease was not already present when you quit).
After 15 years: Your risk of heart attack and stroke is close to that of a person who has never smoked.
Remember: How fast and how well your body recovers can depend on the number of cigarettes you normally smoke, how long you’ve been smoking, and whether you already have a smoking-related disease. Talk to your doctor.

~ Staff gain greater medical experience and knowledge from Specialist Pilipino Nurses at PMGH ~

When the hospital was transformed in 2013, PMGH had recruited a team of Pilipino specialists’ nurses who arrived at PMGH on the 12th of May 2014 to work alongside the established nursing team to improve care and create ‘better health’ to the people of PNG.
Port Moresby General Hospital CEO, Mr. Grant R. Muddle’s goal and objective was to bring in additional nursing staff to improve, maintain and produce a quality health workforce at PMGH.
Currently there are 64 nursing specialists working throughout PMGH in areas such as the critical care department, paediatric, surgical, medical and O&G departments.
Nurse Rosero said working with the local nurses and doctors at PMGH was a great experience for him “It is about working together as a team and giving our best care to improve the paediatric ICU ward of PMGH. Even the parents of paediatric patients are approachable, and they always welcome our health education awareness that we share with them. We feel that we are welcomed, working in PNG. Thank you Pom Gen”.

~ PMGH wins Annual Health Sports Day Shield ~

Port Moresby General Hospital maintained its winning streak and claimed the annual Health Sports Day shield for the second year in a row during the annual challenge last Friday.

PMGH staff sports teams won the basketball and volleyball games against 12 teams from other health organizations within National Capital District some of which included Laloki Hospital, NCD Health Services, National Department of Health and Central Public Health Laboratory (CPHL)., 

Annual Health Sports Day coordinator, Johnson George said the event is marked on the health calendar to get the health professionals to engage in fun activities and get to know each other during this yearly event.

Four other health organizations, Laloki Hospital, NCD Health Services and CPHL also received trophies for 2nd, 3rd and 4th place.

PMGH staff teams were happy for the win, their training for the three weeks prior paid off.

~ Weekly Health Advice from PMGH – The Dangers of Smoking – Part 1 of 3 ~

World Health Organization (WHO): Leading cause of death, illness, and impoverishment. The tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced, killing nearly six million people a year. More than five million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while more than 600 000 are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke.

Approximately one person dies every six seconds due to tobacco, accounting for one in 10 adult deaths. Up to half of current users will eventually die of a tobacco-related disease. Nearly 80% of the more than one billion smokers worldwide live in low- and middle-income countries, where the burden of tobacco-related illness and death is heaviest. Tobacco users who die prematurely deprive their families of income, raise the cost of health care and hinder economic development. In some countries, children from poor households are frequently employed in tobacco farming to provide family income. These children are especially vulnerable to “green tobacco sickness,” which is caused by the nicotine that is absorbed through the skin from the handling of wet tobacco leaves.

Smoking – Don’t Put Your Health at Risk
There are more than 4000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, of which at least 250 are known to be harmful and more than 50 are known to cause cancer. Studies show that few people understand the specific health risks of tobacco use for example, a 2009 survey in China revealed that only 38% of smokers knew that smoking causes coronary heart disease, and only 27% knew that it causes stroke. Among smokers who are aware of the dangers of tobacco, most want to quit. Counseling and medication can more than double the chance that a smoker who tries to quit will succeed. Tobacco use can cause irreparable damage to your health and the health of those around you. Quitting smoking offers immediate and long-term benefits and reduces the risk of developing smoking-related diseases. Talk to your doctor and QUIT TODAY!

Long Term Effects of Smoking
Long-term smokers are at a higher risk of developing a range of potentially deadly diseases and other health issues including:
– Cancer of the lungs, mouth, nose, throat, oesophagus, pancreas, kidney, liver, bladder, bowel, ovary, cervix, bone marrow, and stomach.
– Lung diseases such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
– Heart disease, heart attack and stroke.
– Poor blood circulation in feet and hands, which can lead to pain and, in severe cases, gangrene and amputation.
– Increased susceptibility to infection
– Stomach ulcers
– Increased Tuberculosis risk
– Increased Type 2 diabetes risk
– Asthma trigger
– Yellow teeth, tooth decay, and bad breath
– Loss of sense of smell and taste
– Increased risk for osteoporosis
– Eye cataracts, macular degeneration, yellowing of whites of eyes
– Coughing
– Early signs of ageing
– Sexual and reproductive organs: lower fertility and increased risk of miscarriage, irregular periods, early menopause, reduced sperm and impotence.

~ Port Moresby General Hospital acknowledges great partners ExxonMobil, Ms. Lynda Babao-Neill, PNG Tribal Foundation and Project C.U.R.E ~

Port Moresby General Hospital CEO, Mr. Grant R. Muddle has acknowledged the generous support of ExxonMobil and Ms. Lynda Babao-O’Neill in partnership with Tribal Foundation and Project C.U.R.E, to have a 44-foot container with medical equipment and supplies shipped from US delivered to PMGH.
Mr. Muddle thanked the representatives from ExxonMobil and Tribal Foundation who visited PMGH and officially acknowledged the delivery of medical supplies. “It is a great support and initiative that such partners have brought great change to Port Moresby General Hospital for the past three years. “I am a proud CEO, seeing the quality health care being delivered, to make a difference not only in the lives of the patients but their families and the community as well,” Mr. Muddle said.
PNG Tribal Foundation President, Mr. Gary Bustin said PNG Tribal Foundation has been assisting PMGH for many years, and the change in the hospital was significant. “You have worked so hard and done so much for the people of Port Moresby and Papua New Guinea in lifting the health care delivery service to another level,” Mr. Bustin told Mr. Muddle.
“Thank you for all that you guys do for the People of PNG, our job is trying to help and support wherever we can, and we can’t do that without the partners like ExxonMobil. “On behalf of the Tribal Foundation, thank you ExxonMobil for your support,” Mr. Bustin said.

~ Thank you for your continued support iSOS ~

The Port Moresby General Hospital would like to say a huge thank you to iSOS for the continued support to PMGH through weekly 1-hour training sessions with the nursing staff at the PMGH Blood Bank every Monday.
International iSOS provides further training on clinical aspects of dealing with blood and ensures the staff at the PMGH blood bank are up to date with screening and bleeding guidelines and have the right information to deal with any scenario during a mobile blood drive or blood collection at at PMGH.
This training helps the staff in maintaining their skills in dealing with donors during blood collections. The International iSOS supports the World Health Organization’s initiatives to act now and prevent infections and deaths from illnesses.
The PMGH CEO Mr. Grant R. Muddle Thanked International SOS Manager Mark Delmonte for the support given to the hospital. “On behalf of the Corporate Blood Drive, the Youth Blood Drive, and the Blood Collection Centre, I would like to express our gratitude to the iSOS team for their continuous support. The iSOS team has consistently delivered weekly training to Blood Bank Nurses on topics that were requested by the blood banks team”. Their effort has made a huge difference in the team’s operations and the staff are better informed on blood collections practices.
A special thank you to Rene van den Berg, Shania Bouwer the team leaders and Nurses Vanessa Doubell, Elizabeth Sondlo, Anneri du Plessis, Estelle Joubert, and Lynda Test.

~ Weekly Health Advice from PMGH – Asthma – Part 4 of 4 ~

Asthma and Exercise
Exercise is great for health and well-being, and having asthma shouldn’t stop you playing sport or taking part in any other activity whether it is for fun or competitively. Don’t let your asthma stop you being physically active, talk to your doctor. The National Asthma Council of Australia states that if you get asthma symptoms when you get active, there are some things you can do:
– Get as fit as possible – the fitter you are, the harder you need to work before symptoms start.
– Exercise in a place that is warm and humid – avoid cold, dry air if possible.
– Avoid exercising where there are high levels of pollens, dust, fumes or pollution.
– Breathe through your nose when you exercise.
– Do a proper warm-up and cool-down.
– Keep your reliever handy and be prepared if your asthma flares up. If your asthma does flare up, don’t ignore it or hope the symptoms will go away by themselves.
– Take action – Asthma symptoms after exercise are common but treatable. If exercise triggers your asthma symptoms, tell your doctor so you can find the treatment that works best for you.
Preventing Asthma Episodes and Controlling Your Asthma
For people with asthma, having an asthma management plan is the best way to prevent symptoms. An asthma management plan is something developed by you and your doctor to help you control your asthma, instead of your asthma controlling you. An effective plan should allow you to:
– Be active without having asthma symptoms.
– Fully take part in exercise and sports.
– Sleep all night, without asthma symptoms.
– Attend school or work regularly.
– Have the clearest lungs possible.
– Have few or no side effects from asthma medications.
– Have no emergency visits or stays in the hospital.